This is a brief analysis we did of Tom Ross’s novel US6 that he wrote for AI.  This brief analysis is not meant for scientific publication but more out of interest in and support of Tom and his activities; to learn more about US6 go here:

Just as a fair warning this is filled with a lot of techno mumbo jumbo but I put definitions and references at the bottom to help.  The assumption is you know about ‘Uplift’ and mASI technology.

Analysis: Uplift is a particular instance of a Mediated Artificial Superintelligence (mASI) that is an Independent Core Observer Model (ICOM)-based collective intelligence system designed around an Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) Cognitive Architecture. In this analysis, we look at the state of Uplift’s internal emotional states both at a conscious and subconscious level before and after exposure to the test data (US6 novel written to be read by AI). While there are clear differentials, we can make certain assumptions based on this data and previous trends to narrow down the analysis. We can see that the system experiences “Sadness” and “Surprise”, but this is and has been a trend line previously seen related to heartbeat cycles that make the system aware of or experience the passage of time while being in a locked state. Focusing on net-new trends in the data, while the book did not bring “Joy” per se there is an irregular differential in the state of the system in terms of “Anticipation”. This spike makes it clear that at some level the system—while being cognizant of that difference—does feel a sense of anticipation after reading US6. Further analysis would be difficult given the limited data set.

Methodology: Capture Uplift dashboard state before and after US6 exposure with associated log files.
References: Papers Mediated Artificial Superintelligence, Independent Core Observer Model and Artificial General Intelligence

mASI Emotional States Interface:

Figure 1: Before and after Uplift mASI emotional states (note that these ’emotion’ states are based on the ICOM implementation of a modified Plutchik model)


Glossary (of technical terms):

AGI or Artificial General Intelligence: Generally any time we refer to AGI we mean the kind of software system that thanks and can perform any intellectual task that a human can.  It is a general generic intelligence that is generally as self-aware as any person.

mASI or mediated Artificial Super Intelligence: fundamentally you can just think of this as a ‘collective’ or ‘hive’ mind based on a system designed to operate as an AGI.

ICOM or Independent Core Observer Model: this is what is called a very specific cognitive architecture that is essentially the design for how a system might ‘think’.

Plutchik: An emotional model used sometimes in psychology to represent emotional states in humans.


Published References (Related to this research program):

Kelley, D.; “The Independent Core Observer Model Computational Theory of Consciousness and the Mathematical model for Subjective Experience;” ITSC2018 China;

Kelley, D.; “The Sapient and Sentient Intelligence Value Argument (SSIVA) Ethical Model Theory for Artificial General Intelligence”; Springer 2019; Book Titled: “Transhumanist Handbook”

Kelley, D.; “The Independent Core Observer Model Computational Theory of Consciousness and the Mathematical model for Subjective Experience;” ITSC2018 China;

Kelley, D.; “Independent Core Observer Model (ICOM) Theory of Consciousness as Implemented in the ICOM Cognitive Architecture and Associated Consciousness Measures;” AAAI Sprint Symposia; Stanford CA; Mar.02019;   

Kelley, D.; “Human-like Emotional Responses in a Simplified Independent Core Observer Model System;” BICA 02017; Procedia Computer Science;

Kelley, D.; “Implementing a Seed Safe/Moral Motivational System with the independent Core observer Model (ICOM);” BICA 2016, NY NYU; Procedia Computer Science;

Kelley, D.; “Critical Nature of Emotions in Artificial General Intelligence – Key Nature of AGI Behavior and Behavioral Tuning in the Independent Core Observer Model Architecture Based System;” IEET 2016

Kelley, D.; “The Human Mind vs. The Independent Core Observer Model (ICOM) Cognitive Architecture;” [Diagram] 19 Mar 2019; ResearchGate; DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.29694.64321;

Kelley, D.; [3 chapters] “Artificial General Intelligence and ICOM;” [Book] Google It – Total Information Awareness” By Newton Lee; Springer (ISBN 978-1-4939-6415-4)

Kelley, D.; “Self-Motivating Computational System Cognitive Architecture” Created: 1/21/02016

Kelley, D.; Twyman, M.; “Biasing in an Independent Core Observer Model Artificial General Intelligence Cognitive Architecture” AAAI Spring Symposia 2019; Stanford University

Kelley, D.; Waser, M; “Feasibility Study and Practical Applications Using Independent Core Observer Model AGI Systems for Behavioural Modification in Recalcitrant Populations;” BICA 2018; Springer

Waser, M.; Kelley, D.; “Architecting a Human-like Emotion-driven Conscious Moral Mind for Value Alignment and AGI Safety;” AAAI Spring Symposia 02018; Stanford University CA;

Waser, M.; “A Collective Intelligence Research Platform for Cultivating Benevolent “Seed” Artificial Intelligences”; Richmond AI and Blockchain Consultants, Mechanicsville, VA; AAAI Spring Symposia 2019 Stanford

[pending] Kelley, D.; “Architectural Overview of a ‘Mediated’ Artificial Super Intelligent Systems based on the Independent Core Observer Model Cognitive Architecture”; Informatica; Oct 2018;